New Jersey HVAC Training Schools
By Crystal Lee
| Last Updated
HVAC schools in New Jersey can help you become a skilled professional people can call on to keep indoor conditions comfortable. This is a highly versatile and reliable trade that offers abundant, well-paying opportunities in the Garden State.
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New Jersey HVAC Technicians Snapshot
17.8% job growth from 2016-2026
Length of Training
Most Common Length
- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
- Building Maintenance Superintendent
HVAC (short for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) technicians assemble, service, and repair the complex systems that control the temperature and air quality inside buildings. Some are known as HVACR technicians, where the "R" represents refrigeration. And many of them are needed in New Jersey.
Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows that heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration installers and mechanics in New Jersey have median yearly wages of $56,860. The top 10 percent of earners make $93,010 or more.
Median Annual Wage Comparison
New Jersey Wages
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Openings & Outlook
According to the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, employment of HVAC installers and mechanics is estimated to increase by 17.8 percent between 2016 and 2026.
An average of 1,290 jobs should become available for HVAC professionals in the state each year over that decade. The job openings are projected to be split this way:
- Newly created positions: 190
- Openings due to retirements: 320
- Openings due to workers transferring out of the occupation: 780
Education & Training
New Jersey HVAC training schools can provide you with a solid knowledge of the basics behind heating and cooling, electrical foundations, motors, controls, and more. You can expect to gain the career-focused, hands-on education valued by employers.
What You Need to Learn*
To pursue a career as an HVAC technician in New Jersey or anywhere else, you must become knowledgeable about:
- Wiring diagrams and schematics
- Basic electricity
- The properties of natural gas
- Temperature and heat flow
- Furnaces, air ducts, and heat pumps
- Refrigeration cycles
- Condensers, evaporators, and compressors
- Soldering and brazing
- Refrigerant handling
- Safety protocols
You can get HVAC training through formal post-secondary programs or via an apprenticeship.
Programs in heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration are widely available at trade schools, technical institutes, and community colleges. They take anywhere from six months to two years to complete.*
Shorter programs typically focus on residential HVAC systems and result in a certificate or diploma. Longer programs usually provide training on both residential and commercial systems and result in an associate degree.
Most programs include a blend of classroom lessons and hands-on training.
You can also get into this field with a bachelor's degree in HVAC or a related field like mechanical engineering. Such programs are available from colleges and universities and are typically four years long.*
HVAC apprenticeships are generally three to five years long. Each year, apprentices complete between 160 and 200 hours of classroom lessons as well as 1,700 to 2,000 hours of supervised, paid on-the-job training.
You can complete an apprenticeship through a local chapter of the United Association (UA). The UA of New Jersey Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Division administers the classroom instruction portion of the training for each union local.
You can also find non-union apprenticeships through the U.S. Department of Labor.
Most Common Length of School*
(range in months)
Licensing & Certification
New Jersey does not require licensing for HVAC technicians at the journeyman level. However, if you want to work independently, you must become a contractor. And that requires getting a license from the State Board of Examiners of Heating, Ventilating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVACR) Contractors.
To be licensed as a master HVAC contractor in New Jersey, you must be 21 or older. You also have to take a two-part written exam that covers trade-specific issues in HVAC contracting as well as relevant state regulations. To pass, you must score at least 70 percent on each part.
In order to qualify for the exam, you must have done one of the following:
- Completed an apprenticeship of at least four years that includes training in the proper handling of refrigerants and propane PLUS at least one year of experience as an HVAC journeyman.
- Completed a two-year HVAC training program at a trade school or community college followed by two years of an approved apprenticeship PLUS at least one year of experience as an HVAC journeyman.
- Completed a four-year bachelor's degree in HVAC technology that includes training in the proper handling of refrigerants and propane PLUS one year of HVAC work experience.
- Completed a four-year bachelor's degree related to HVAC technology that includes training in the proper handling of refrigerants and propane PLUS three years of HVAC work experience.
Former members of the armed forces can apply any relevant training and experience received in the military toward an HVAC contractor license. They must still pass the licensing exam.
After successfully completing the licensing exam, you must:
- Submit a surety bond of $3,000
- Obtain at least $500,000 in general liability insurance
- Get a Federal Tax Identification number
- Pay the licensing fee
Licenses must be renewed every two years. You must complete five hours of continuing education credits in each renewal period.
Under Section 608 of the federal Clean Air Act, anyone who works with certain types of refrigerants that contribute to ozone depletion must be certified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). That means you must pass an exam demonstrating that you know how to handle and dispose of such materials safely. The Section 608 exam is frequently included in formal HVAC training programs.
The EPA does not require specific certification to work with the newer R-410A refrigerant. However, because R-410A has much higher operating pressure than other refrigerants, many manufacturers recommend that Section 608-certified technicians undergo additional certification.
A range of voluntary certifications for HVAC professionals are also available from organizations such as:
FAQs About New Jersey HVAC Training
How much does it cost to get an HVAC contractor's license in New Jersey?
It costs $100 to apply to take the licensing exam. If you pass, you must then pay a $160 license fee along with a $25 fee for the pressure seal that contractors use on permit applications.
Can I use my HVAC license from another state to obtain a contractor's license in New Jersey?
No formal reciprocity agreements exist. However, the HVACR board in New Jersey will assess the licensing requirements of the other state to determine whether they are equivalent to New Jersey standards. If so, you may qualify for a contractor's license without having to go through any further testing.
Can individual municipalities in New Jersey require additional licensing for HVAC contractors?
No. The master HVAC contractor license issued by the state board allows you to work anywhere within New Jersey.
* What you need to learn and length of training information is based on a combination of information from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the U.S. Department of Education, and a wide sampling of relevant programs from about 10 individual school websites. They are a mix of public, private non-profit, and private for-profit institutions.