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Ultrasound Technician Schools

Diagnostic Medical Sonography Programs

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Ultrasound technician schools can educate you in a vital area of today's healthcare system. Doctors can't diagnose their patients without solid evidence of illness or other medical conditions. Nor can they easily track the progression of certain diseases or determine the status of some pregnancies unless they are able to see what is happening inside their patients' bodies.

So, it's easy to see how ultrasound technology, or sonography, is a key component in patient care.

Although surgical procedures and x-ray technologies are useful for some of these purposes, they can also be costly and dangerous to patients. That's why sonography is a popular alternative for safely and non-invasively viewing the internal anatomy of medical patients. And that's also why it has become such a popular career choice among those wanting to enter the field of healthcare.

Along with performing ultrasounds, technicians are responsible for handling other administrative tasks required before and after procedures, including updating records and preparing reports. With proper training, you could work in clinics, hospitals, outpatient centers, and more!

Check out the ultrasound tech schools in your area and request more information from the ones that interest you. Pretty soon, you could be helping medical patients by using some of the most fascinating technology around.

Ultrasound Technician and Sonography FAQ

American Institute

  • West Hartford, Connecticut
  • Clifton, New Jersey
  • Toms River, New Jersey
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Southeastern College

  • Columbia, South Carolina
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Charter College

  • Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Eastern International College

  • Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

ECPI University

  • Newport News, Virginia
  • Richmond, Virginia
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Keiser University

  • Daytona Beach
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Myers
  • Lakeland
  • Melbourne
  • New Port Richey
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Stautzenberger College

  • Brecksville, Ohio
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography

Eastwick College

  • Nutley, New Jersey
  • Ramsey, New Jersey
  • Cardiovascular Sonography
  • Diagnostic Cardiovascular Sonography
  • OB/GYN - Diagnostic Medical Sonography
  • Ultrasound Technology

Ultrasound Tech and Sonography FAQ

What Is Sonography?

Ultrasound Technician SchoolsPregnancy is likely the first thing you think of when you hear the word "ultrasound." But, although this technology is frequently used to view developing babies inside the womb, it also has many other uses.

In the healthcare field, sonography (also sometimes called "ultrasonography") is the process of sending pulses of high-frequency sound into a specific area of a patient's body, capturing the echoes as the sound bounces back, and interpreting the resulting images that an ultrasound machine produces and displays on-screen.

The instrument that is pressed against a patient's body is called a transducer. It emits the sound waves and captures the echoes.

Three Main Areas

  • Diagnostic Medical Sonography—Generally involves sub-specialties that include abdominal, neurologic, breast, obstetric/gynecologic, or small-parts sonography
  • Diagnostic Cardiac Sonography—Also called echocardiography. Involves producing sonographic images of a patient's heart, with sub-specialties in adult, pediatric, and fetal echocardiography
  • Vascular Sonography—Used to examine a patient's blood vessels

What Are the Different Job Titles?

A sonographer is the same thing as an ultrasound tech. There is no difference. In fact, depending on their place of employment and special area of practice, they can also have job titles such as:

  • Diagnostic medical sonographer
  • Ultrasound technologist
  • Ultrasound technician
  • Ultrasonographer
  • Diagnostic cardiac sonographer
  • Cardiac sonographer
  • Echocardiographic technician
  • Vascular sonographer

What Are the Job Responsibilities?

Sonographers use special equipment to produce and record images showing the shape, motion, and composition of a patient's internal anatomy, which can include organs and other bodily tissues, blood, abnormal masses, and fluid accumulations. They generally have responsibilities such as:

Before the Exam

  • Preparing and maintaining imaging equipment
  • Accurately recording a patient's medical history
  • Explaining procedures to a patient and answering any questions
  • Transferring a patient to an appropriate exam table and positioning them properly for the procedure
  • Scrubbing a patient's skin in the area to be examined
  • Applying gel that aids the ability of sound waves to show the inside of a patient's body

During the Exam

  • Making necessary adjustments to equipment during an exam in order to produce the best images for a doctor's use in diagnosis
  • Altering the position of a patient to get the best angle
  • Analyzing images for quality
  • Identifying any differences between normal and abnormal areas
  • Deciding whether or not to extend the scope of an exam based on initial findings

After the Exam

  • Detailing preliminary findings for a patient's doctor
  • Maintaining detailed patient records


The specific areas of patient anatomy that sonographers examine depend on their chosen sub-specialties, which can include:

  • Abdominal—anything in the belly area, including nearby organs
  • Breast—breast tissue and tumors
  • Neurologic—the brain and nervous system
  • Obstetric/gynecologic—the female reproductive system and pregnancies
  • Musculoskeletal—muscles, ligaments, joints, and tendons
  • Cardiac—the heart
  • Vascular—blood vessels

What Are the Most Common Workplaces?

They mostly work in hospitals, but they can also be found in:

  • Doctors' offices
  • Diagnostic laboratories
  • Outpatient medical care centers

Their work environment is usually a room dedicated to medical imaging. However, they are also sometimes called to perform exams at patient bedsides.

What Are the Requirements I Should Know About?

The requirements you should be aware of before pursuing a career in sonography are fairly straightforward. Here are the most important points to keep in mind about the credentials you'll need:


  • A formal post-secondary education is generally required.
  • Most technologists possess associate degrees from the successful completion of a diagnostic medical sonography program. (You should note that diagnostic cardiac sonography and vascular sonography programs are usually separate.)
  • It is also possible to earn a bachelor's degree in this field. In addition, certificate and diploma programs also exist, but they are usually meant for people who already possess a degree in a related healthcare field.

Certification and Licensing

  • Employers in this field generally prefer to hire people with professional certification.
  • Some states require licensure. This usually requires professional certification, but requirements vary from state to state.

Becoming Professionally Certified

Here is what you should know about professional certification:

Know the Organizations

Choose Your Sub-Specialties

  • If you choose to become certified through ARDMS, you will get to choose one or more sub-specialties to be tested on. As an RDMS, for example, you can be certified in one or more of the following areas: Abdomen (AB), Breast (BR), Fetal Echocardiography (FE), Neurosonology (NE), Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN), or Pediatric Sonography.

Pass the Exams and Stay Certified

  • In order to become certified, you must meet a few basic prerequisite requirements (such as having a relevant degree), and then you'll need to pass one or more exams.
  • Staying professionally certified requires ongoing continuing education.

Are There Opportunities for Career Advancement?

Those with substantial training, education, and experience can potentially advance to the role of a lead sonographer or even director of an ultrasound department. Others choose to become traveling sonographers and work for short stints, on a contract basis, in different locations around the country.

Some choose to leave the clinical environment and become professionals like:

  • Healthcare consultants
  • Medical equipment sales representatives
  • Medical equipment manufacturing consultants
  • Instructors

What Is the Typical Salary?

Salary for this occupation depends a lot on geographic location, type of employer, part-time or full-time status, and level of experience. In general, though, the typical sonography salary provides a good living. In fact, ultrasound technicians have one of America's highest paying jobs without a degree requiring more than about two years of school.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics:*

  • The median yearly wage is $77,740.
  • The highest-earning 10 percent make $101,650 or more.

What Is the Job Outlook?

The job outlook is bright. In fact, employment of sonographers is expected to increase by 15 percent from 2021 to 2031, which is much faster than the average for all occupations.*

Much of the growth is due to the fact that ultrasound technology is increasingly being seen as a good alternative to more costly and invasive diagnostic procedures. It is also being used in more and more doctors' offices, diagnostic labs, and outpatient care settings.

Experienced professionals who maintain certification in multiple sub-specialties will continue to have the best job prospects.

Can You Tell Me How to Start in This Field?

Here are the three most common paths to becoming a certified professional:

  1. Successfully completing a diploma or associate degree program followed by taking and passing professional certification exams from the American Registry for Diagnostic Medical Sonography (ARDMS) or the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT)
  2. Obtaining a bachelor's degree, followed by taking and passing the appropriate certification exams
  3. Graduating from a two-year health education program related to patient care, followed by at least 12 months of full-time clinical experience in sonography, followed by taking and passing the necessary exams from ARDMS

How Long Are Most Programs?

The answer to this question depends on the type of school you want to attend as well as the credential you want to graduate with. Plus, some schools may have a few course prerequisites to meet before you can get started.

Diploma and associate degree programs are the most common and usually take from 18 to 24 months to complete. Of course, if your school requires any prerequisites, then you may be looking at up to an additional one to two years before you start the main program. Not all schools have such requirements, though, so it's a good idea to check when comparing programs.

Bachelor's degree programs are typically designed to last about four years.

If you already have a degree in a related healthcare field, then you may have the option to take a shorter degree or certificate program, which usually lasts 18 months or less.

What Can I Learn in School?

Accredited programs in diagnostic medical sonography vary a little bit in the structure of their course curriculums and prerequisites, but they usually include subject areas such as:

General Subjects

  • Mathematics
  • Verbal and written communications
  • General psychology and human behavior
  • Basic physics

Medical Basics

  • General human anatomy and physiology
  • Medical terminology
  • Cross-sectional anatomy
  • Medical ethics and law
  • Patient care

Ultrasound-Related Fundamentals

  • Pathophysiology
  • Acoustical physics and instrumentation
  • Abdominal techniques
  • Obstetrical techniques
  • Gynecological techniques
  • Small parts techniques

Some diagnostic medical sonography programs also cover the basics of echocardiography and vascular sonography.

In addition to the above classroom components, accredited programs also include one or more clinical practicums in real-world ultrasound work settings.

* Unless otherwise noted, salary information is based on May 2021 data from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program. Job growth and average yearly openings estimates are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and are for the 2021 to 2031 period.