Laser Technician Education & Career Information
What Does a Laser Technician Do?
Most either assist with or perform one or more types of cosmetic laser treatment such as:
Laser hair removal, just like it sounds, involves using special equipment that produces high-energy flashes of light to get rid of a client's unwanted facial or body hair.
Spider Vein Removal
Spider veins are small, unsightly blood vessels found on the skin of a person's legs. They don't serve any purpose, so some people choose to have them removed by undergoing laser treatments. Some people also have similar types of discoloured blood vessels on the skin of their chests, necks, or faces. These small veins can also be safely removed.
These days, a tattoo doesn't necessarily have to be permanent. As laser technology continues to advance, many people are undergoing effective treatments to get rid of their unwanted body art.
From sun exposure to aging to genetics to acne, many things can cause skin damage, wrinkles, or patches of discolouration. But through procedures such as laser skin resurfacing, a client can get layers of damaged skin removed so that fresher-looking skin underneath is revealed.
Removal of Pigmented Skin Lesions
Similar to the removal of small blood vessels, the appearance of discoloured scars or abnormal skin growths can also frequently be diminished or eradicated through special treatments.
What Is the Typical Job Description?
Duties often include:
Consulting With Clients
Before any procedure, a technician usually needs to assess a client's goals and expectations as well as provide pre-treatment instructions. (In the case of hair removal, a client is often told not to pluck, wax, tan, or get electrolysis for a certain amount of time in the area to be treated.)
Laser technicians also explain realistic outcomes and assess a client's skin, hair, and any past cosmetic procedures to judge how suitable and effective the treatments will be.
Preparing Clients for Treatments
Laser technicians ensure that their clients stay safe during each procedure by supplying equipment such as special eyewear that is designed to protect against the wavelengths of whatever laser is being used.
Technicians also protect themselves and any other people in the treatment room by following proper sanitation procedures and safety protocols.
Checking Equipment Settings
Since each client can present a different challenge, it's important for technicians to set up their equipment with the most appropriate settings. So prior to each treatment, a technician will often review and adjust settings related to factors such as:
- The duration of energy pulses
- The amount of time between each pulse
Technicians also frequently conduct a test on a small patch before performing a full treatment on a client.
When performing laser hair removal, technicians destroy the follicles (i.e., roots) of unwanted hair on clients' faces or bodies by using a targeted laser beam.
Cleaning and Maintaining Equipment
After each treatment, technicians often clean and check over all equipment, including protective eyewear and other safety items.
What Is the Pay Like?
Most laser technicians earn wages comparable to aestheticians, electrologists, and other types of beauty professionals. In fact, they often possess a useful range of cosmetic skills beyond their area of specific expertise.
According to 2016-2017 data from the Government of Canada, the full-time wages of cosmetic professionals in the group that includes laser technicians break down like this:1
- The median hourly wage was $14.00 (which corresponds to annual pay of about $29,120)
- The highest average hourly wage was $22.00 (about $45,760 per year)
In many locations across Canada, especially in urban areas, a typical salary is in the range of $31,200 to $66,560 (about $15 to $32 per hour).
Of course, a lot depends on your experience, level of training, and any additional skills you may have. Salary can also increase substantially if you provide services as an independent provider.
When owning your own cosmetic laser studio, your earning potential rises based on how well you market your services and retain clients. Many technicians, for instance, charge between $65 and $100 per hour for their services. So, after subtracting overhead costs like rent and other business expenses, many independent laser technicians make a comfortable living.
What Is the Difference Between an Electrologist and a Laser Hair Removal Technician?
Both remove unwanted face and body hair from clients who want long-lasting results. However, they typically have different training and use different methods.
Electrologists perform electrolysis, which is the process of using electrical current to destroy individual hair follicles so that they can be removed and never grow back. This method of hair removal tends to be a little more painful for clients because it is an invasive procedure. (A needle carrying the electrical current is inserted into the skin for each unwanted hair.)
Laser hair removal technicians, on the other hand, use a laser beam to heat up the pigment in unwanted hair follicles, thereby destroying them. Laser hair removal is non-invasive and relatively painless.
Many clients choose to have both electrolysis and laser hair removal performed since they can provide complementary effects. As a result, more and more electrologists offer laser hair removal services or employ laser technicians in their aesthetics studios.
How Can I Get Into This Field?
The best way is to complete a post-secondary program that's focused on cosmetic laser training. It's also a good idea to consider any program that incorporates additional training in electrolysis, aesthetics, skin care, or clinical assistance.
You don't need any prior experience in a related field, but some technicians have backgrounds as skin care specialists, aestheticians, cosmetologists, or even nurses.
The more formal training you complete, the more seriously potential employers and clients will view your abilities.
Do I Need to Be Licensed or Certified?
Currently in Canada, you do not need a license to operate a laser machine for non-surgical cosmetic procedures like hair removal. The machine you use, however, does need to be licensed by Health Canada. (The sale, lease, and import of hair removal lasers is regulated through the Radiation Emitting Devices Act.)
Most provinces and territories also have safety regulations or guidelines pertaining to the use of laser devices.
But although licensing or certification is not technically required, it is a good idea to gain official recognition of your skills by completing specialized post-secondary training in safe and effective cosmetic laser procedures. Potential clients and employers will have more confidence in your services if you do.
Formal training will also typically lead to a higher salary.
Professional Memberships and Certification
If you decide to complement your skills with additional abilities like electrolysis and skin care, then you'll have the option of joining professional organizations and gaining extra certifications through them.
As one example, the Canadian Organization of Professional Electrologists (COPE) offers an exam you can take to gain the credential of Registered Dermal Therapist (R.D.T.). The exam covers areas such as electrolysis, laser hair removal, and different kinds of skin treatments.
Where Do Cosmetic Laser Technicians Work?
Depending on their range of skills, they can work in settings such as:
- Beauty salons and spas
- Aesthetics studios
- Electrolysis and laser hair removal studios
- Medical spas
- Physicians' offices
- Dermatology clinics
What Are the Benefits of This Career?
The best parts of a career in this field can include:
- Growth of opportunities—Every year, cosmetic procedures gain more widespread acceptance. Plus, more and more people are choosing to undergo advanced beauty treatments as they become more affordable. The growth of the industry creates lots of job openings and business opportunities for well-trained technicians.
- Satisfaction from helping others—Professionals in this field enable many people to look and feel their best. The added self-confidence that their clients feel often translates into a sense of fulfillment for themselves.
- Good earning potential—By developing reputations for doing safe and effective treatments, many technicians enjoy higher-than-average wages.
- Leading-edge technology—Cosmetic lasers represent some of the most advanced technology in any industry. Using it each day can provide a feeling of excitement and accomplishment.
- Advancement potential—With additional training and certification, a technician can qualify for more advanced and higher-paying positions in medical clinics or laser eye surgery centres. The average medical laser technician salary provides a good return on the investment in extra training.
How Long Are the Programs, and What Can I Learn?
Many laser technician programs take only about three to six weeks to complete. On the other hand, some programs take up to one or two years because they may cover subjects like skin care, aesthetics, and clinical practices a little more thoroughly.
What You Can Learn
Depending on the school and laser technician or aesthetics program you choose, you may have courses that cover subjects such as:
- Laser types and classifications
- Basic physics of cosmetic laser systems
- Laser use fundamentals
- Laser hazards and safety procedures
- Client care and relations
- Basic medical terminology
- Basic anatomy
- Clinical protocols
- Physiology of hair follicles and growth
- Skin types and disorders
- Hair removal
- Skin treatments
- Business and marketing basics
1 Government of Canada, Job Bank, website last visited on September 9, 2019.