Highest-Paying Jobs in Canada Without a Degree
Fast-Growing Industries Offering the Most Opportunities
It's true—some of the highest-paying jobs in Canada without a degree can be found in today's labor market. There are many high-paying positions that are available across the country for aspiring professionals who have completed skilled trades training or one- or two-year post-secondary programs. Before you know it, you could be one of those people who have achieved some of the best jobs in Canada without a degree.
Canada has several strong and fast-growing segments of the economy in which you could find excellent employment prospects with little training from a career college or trade school. This article highlights some of those industries, along with the reasons that they are strong and possess a promising outlook. It also highlights the kind of earnings and careers that they offer. Check out the industries below and gain some inspiration to begin working toward a better career. After all, earning a degree is not for everyone!
Choose a Career Path That Requires Less Schooling
Skilled trades programs, as well as numerous certificate and diploma programs, are career-focused. They are designed to train you quickly and equip you with the skills that are desired in the workforce in order to help you secure a good job upon graduation. Depending on the type of occupation you desire, you could easily find a one- or two-year program that can lead you to a high-paying job.
So if short career training sounds like the path for you, then take a moment to continue reading. You'll discover some of Canada's top industries as well as the types of positions within them that you may be able to pursue without having to earn a university degree.
(Note: Wage data is taken from the Government of Canada's Job Bank and is based on the 2014-2015 reference period.1 And, in many cases, the wage ranges and averages are based on data from multiple occupational categories. It is important to note that wages can vary greatly depending on which province and region you work in. Also, the lowest reported wages are usually those of individuals with little to no training and/or experience in the field.)
Combined with advantageous tax rates, a skilled labour pool, and competitive labour costs, Canada's research and development capabilities make the country a preferred destination for many high-tech companies. As of October 2014, there were approximately 37,000 companies operating in the ICT sector, and 86.7 percent of them were in the software and computer services sub-sector.2 These companies contribute a substantial amount of revenue to the Canadian economy and generate a large number of jobs.
From 2007 to 2013, ICT-industry revenues increased by 19.8 percent. During this same time, the software and computer services sub-sector's revenues increased by 35.8 percent. And in 2013, people working in the ICT industry accounted for three percent of the total Canadian workforce, which amounts to approximately 530,957 jobs.2 Going forward, employment growth is expected to be strong. It is estimated that, from 2013 to 2018, the ICT industry will need to fill a minimum of 178,000 positions.3 So, there are numerous possible career tracks to choose from within the ICT industry. And many entry-level positions are accessible with a diploma, which can typically be completed in less than two years.
Note: The calculated average and wages that are cited below are based upon the wage data collected from the nine main occupational groups within the sector.
Earning Potential: The wages reported in the sector range from $12.31 to $67.31 an hour and more, and the average median wage is $33.30 per hour. If you are technically inclined, then beginning a career in the information and communications technologies sector could be a good way to find a high-paying position without having to earn a degree. In fact, employees working in the ICT industry earned 48 percent more than the national average of all Canadian occupations.2
Career Possibilities: Training in the field of information technology can lead to a wide range of careers. Below are just a few of the many possibilities:
Construction makes up a large piece of the nation's economy. The industry accounted for more than seven percent of Canada's GDP (gross domestic product) in 2015.4 There are more than 300,000 construction-related companies operating in Canada. And, as of 2015, one in every 13 Canadian workers were employed in the construction industry.5 They work in sub-sectors related to areas like residential and non-residential construction, as well as road, bridge, and pipeline construction.
There is a lot of optimism about the construction industry. Part of that is due to the fact that the newly-elected Liberal government has committed to more than doubling infrastructure spending over the next decade, starting in 2015. And, in the period from 2016 to 2025, it is estimated that more than 250,000 construction workers across the country will retire, which accounts for more than 21 percent of the construction workforce. More than 85,000 workers could be retiring in Ontario alone.6
In the province of BC, it is expected that the construction workforce will reach record highs in 2018 and 2019 due to major projects like the development of LNG plants and pipelines. It is estimated that 17,000 new workers could be needed by 2018. And, from 2016 to 2025, more than 54,000 jobs could become available due to the growth of non-residential construction, home renovation, and maintenance work, as well as an increase in the number of retiring baby boomers. Strong job growth is also expected in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Newfoundland and Labrador.6
Other promising highlights of Canada's construction sector include the following:
Earning Potential: The industry offers a variety of opportunities. You may even be able to find some of the highest-paying jobs in Canada that don't require a degree. Those who are just starting out in entry-level helper or labourer positions report wages beginning at $13 per hour. But as experience is gained, those wages can climb to $32 per hour and higher. If you opt for a more specialized career, like an electrician or construction manager, your hourly wage could start around $15 to $20 and reach up to $58 an hour and higher as you build your experience.4
Career Possibilities: From putting pipe into the ground to building roads to installing electrical systems, the career possibilities in the sector are plentiful and varied. Here are some of the careers that you can consider:
Since the 1990s, employment growth in the architectural and engineering services industry has almost tripled the national average rate of growth for the entire economy. And the Government of Canada predicts that the industry will continue to be a growth driver for the economy in the coming years.2
In 2011, the industry employed an estimated 283,000 individuals, making up 1.6 percent of the total Canadian workforce and 21.6 percent of the professional, scientific, and technical workforce. And despite the strong job numbers, 33 percent of architectural and engineering firms that were surveyed reported difficulties with finding employees who possessed engineering skills.2 So it could be said that this is an ideal time to begin training for a career in the sector.
It is possible to obtain a good-paying job in architectural and engineering services without becoming an architect or civil engineer, which can involve many years of schooling. In fact, as a cost-control measure, architectural and engineering firms tend to focus on hiring technicians and other support professionals to assist engineers and architects.
Earning Potential: By earning a certificate or diploma in the field in less than a year, you can go after positions—like architectural or civil engineering technician—that pay anywhere from $24.04 to $60.75 per hour and more. In the architectural and engineering services industry, the average median pay reported among drafters, technicians, and technologists is $38.50 per hour.
Career Possibilities: Completing an architecture, engineering, or drafting certificate or diploma program could prepare you for careers such as the ones listed below:
- Architectural drafter
- Architectural technologist
- Building designer
- CAD technologist
- Civil drafting technician
- Civil engineering drafter
- Civil engineering inspector
- Electrical drafter
- Mechanical drafter
- Municipal engineering assistant
- Structural drafter
Canada has emerged as a major animation market, and the sector is expected to continue growing. One of the key reasons that Canada has become an animation powerhouse is the low cost of production in the country. Canada has the lowest business costs in the G7 group of nations for digital entertainment development.2
Animation studios are finding that they can produce animated content cheaper in Canada than they can in the neighbouring U.S. And that is why several leading studios have set up offices here. In addition to the potential within the country, many talented Canadian animators are also recruited to major studios in the U.S.
If this sounds like an industry you want in on, then enrolling in a short training program is a great way to get started. Although there are bachelor's degree programs available, many schools offer diploma programs that only take between one and two years to complete. With a small amount of schooling, you could be on your way to securing a high-paying job.
Earning Potential: There are a lot of variables that determine your level of pay in the field of animation, such as the type of position and your level of experience. But professional animators in Canada report wages ranging from $19 to $50 per hour and higher. Among the occupational groups that include animators (i.e., graphic arts technicians, graphic illustrators, and interactive media developers), the average median wage is $27.42 per hour.
Career Possibilities: Computer animation training could help you pursue a position with production studios, game design and film companies, network and cable TV companies, and advertising agencies. Career possibilities could include the following:
- 3-D character animator
- Background painter
- Character designer
- Clean-up artist
- Digital illustrator
- Special effects artist
- Storyboard artist
- Video post-production artist
Senior home and community care spending accounted for 4.6 to 5.5 percent of total health care spending in Canada in 2010. That number is expected to increase substantially as a growing segment of the population continues to age. It is estimated that, by 2036, Canadians aged 65 and over could account for 25 percent of the population, up from 14 percent in 2009. And it is projected that home and community care spending could increase by 80 percent from 1999 to 2026.8
Naturally, a growing demand for services and increased spending contributes to greater employment in the sector. In 2012, there were 1,360 nursing homes across Canada (excluding Quebec), and they employed more than 126,000 full-time workers. But those numbers do not include the numerous other senior support service agencies and facilities. It is estimated that almost one million Canadians are receiving home care on a daily basis, and home support workers—like health care aides and personal support workers—provide most of this care.9
If a fulfilling career that involves offering essential care for seniors appeals to you, then this could be a great time to start working toward your goal. Enrolling in a short program can be a solid first step. You could find several certificate and diploma programs that focus on senior care, and many of them can be completed in less than one to two years.
Note: The calculated average and wages that are cited below are based upon the wage data collected from the three main occupational groups within the sector.
Earning Potential: People working with the elderly who possess no, or very little, education or experience report wages as low as $10.30 an hour. However, a small training commitment could lead you to a better-paying position. The average median wage reported among senior care occupations is $15.81 an hour, and more experienced professionals report wages of $26.92 an hour and higher.
Career Possibilities: A health care education focused on senior care could help you establish a career in a senior care facility, home care agency, recreation centre, hospital, group home, respite and palliative care centre, or any other establishment that focuses on caring for the elderly. The types of careers you may be able to pursue include the following:
This industry is comprised of companies that manufacture everything from utensils, screws, and hand tools to structural metal products, boilers, and shipping containers. It is an important sector that supports many other areas of the economy. And in 2012, the industry employed approximately 165,845 workers across Canada, and its revenues had increased by 21.7 percent from the previous year.2
It is projected that employment and revenue growth in the sector will remain strong for many years. Alberta alone is expected to spend more than $200 billion in construction and maintenance from 2014 to 2039. And most of this spending will go toward fabricated metal products.10 That could be considered good news for anyone that is considering a skilled trades career in metal manufacturing.
Many people opt for skilled trades careers because they enjoy working with their hands and don't want to spend a lot of time in school. The reality is that there are very few skilled trades positions that require degrees. So this could be a great field to choose if you want to secure a position in one of the highest-paying trades in Canada without a degree. When preparing to enter the field, most individuals opt for some training in welding. Program lengths can vary by institution, and the structure and length can depend on whether you want to become a journeyperson.
Earning Potential: Completing your training could lead to welding and machine operating positions in which workers report hourly wages starting at $12.00 and climbing up to $25 and higher. The average median wage is $17.00 per hour.
Career Possibilities: An education in welding can lead to several career possibilities in the metal fabrication sector. Although welder positions are the most common, here are some other occupations you may find:
- Electric arc welder
- Gas shield arc welder
- Machine operator
- Metal fabricator
- Solderer and brazer
- Spot welder
The Canadian digital gaming industry is the world's third-largest producer of electronic games. And Canadian studios develop one in every six best-selling console games worldwide.3 The staggering growth of the country's video game industry is impressive to say the least. And below, you can see even more promising statistics that highlight the strength and importance of this sector. As of 2015:11
It is clear that video game design and development is an ideal industry to break into. And this is especially true if you are looking for high-paying jobs that don't require a degree. In fact, most schools offer diploma programs that can be completed in less than two years.
Earning Potential: You can quickly become prepared to enter an industry that offers wages ranging from $16.75 to $43.96 an hour and more. The average median wage is $25.82 per hour.
Career Possibilities: Obtaining an education in video game design and development could prepare you for the following careers:
- Assistant producer
- Gameplay designer
- Junior production designer
- Level designer
- Motion capture artist
- Video game animator
- Video game programmer
Canada is known to have one of the strongest banking and financial services sectors in the world. In fact, the World Economic Forum ranked the Canadian banking system as the soundest in the world for the 2014-2015 fiscal year. The country has held that number-one spot for eight years in a row.2
The banking and financial services sector is comprised of almost 37,000 companies with Calgary, Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver being major employment hubs. The industry employed 703,000 Canadians in 2013 and contributed $106 billion to the GDP (gross domestic product).2 The sector is considered stable and secure by both domestic and foreign investors. And that's why the employment outlook is expected to remain strong.
If you are considering a career in the banking and financial services sector, then you may want to look into one of the many career schools offering accounting- and finance-focused certificate and diploma programs that can be completed in two years or less. A short education can lead to a number of different career tracks and high-paying positions in the banking and financial services sector.
Earning Potential: Individuals who are just starting out in this field with little to no education or experience—such as financial customer service representatives—have reported wages as low as $13.25 per hour. However, the wages of seasoned professionals—like financial managers—can climb to $64.29 per hour and higher. The average hourly wage within the entire finance sector is $30.31 per hour, according to October 2016 data.4 So there is a lot of potential for you to secure a good-paying job without a degree.
Career Possibilities: Individuals with education and/or experience in accounting and finance can go after the following types of careers:
In 2012, the tourism and hospitality industry produced a total of $81.7 billion in revenue and directly generated more than 600,000 jobs.12 Furthermore, 1.6 million jobs were supported by tourism spending, mainly in the service sector (which includes hotels and restaurants).13 Those jobs accounted for more than nine percent of Canada's entire workforce.12
This enormous industry is not expected to cool off any time soon. In fact, it is estimated that, by 2035, tourism and hospitality will provide 2.29 million jobs for Canadians (a 43 percent increase from 2010 employment levels). And it is expected that demand will outpace the growth in labour supply, thereby creating up to 240,000 unfilled jobs across the country.14 Right now could be your perfect time to get in on this booming sector.
Earning Potential: The tourism and hospitality industry offers many positions for individuals with little to no work experience or education. And that is why people in the industry—such as food and beverage servers—report wages as low as $10.50 an hour. But there are also good-paying jobs that you can attain without a degree. By completing a certificate or diploma program in under two years, you could find a position in an area like accommodation service management in which the median wage is $24 an hour. And accommodation service managers who have worked in the industry and built up their experience over the years report earnings of $48 an hour and higher.
Career Possibilities: Education and/or experience in tourism and hospitality can lead to many interesting and exciting job possibilities. You may be able to begin your career with employers such as airlines, hotels, restaurants, cruise lines, resorts, tour companies, travel agencies, event centres, and casinos. Positions you may be able to go after include:
Two Reasons Why a Degree Is Not For Everyone
Although obtaining some level of career training is important (and often required) for many of today's jobs, earning a four-year degree is not always necessary for achieving a successful career. And for many people, earning a four-year degree doesn't seem attainable anyway. After all, it requires a substantial time commitment, and for some individuals, it means incurring debt through student loans. So there is certainly nothing wrong with taking the time to consider your options before jumping into a degree program that you aren't sure about.
Just consider that, in 2006, one out of every four Millennials with degrees were employed in jobs that didn't require that level of education. And that ratio increased to one in three for adults aged 25 to 29.4 This is partly due to a skills mismatch among the population, an issue that is on the rise across Canada. It happens when people are completing degree programs for areas in which there are not a lot of jobs available. So when they graduate, they end up having to take on jobs that are unrelated to their fields of study, and the jobs are often lower-paying as well. This highlights the importance of doing your research and making your best attempt to choose an educational path that could lead to relevant and better-paying career opportunities.
What's Your Next Step?
Are you feeling motivated to take your career in a new direction? Then why not take that first step toward a more promising future right now? Simply enter your postal code into the search box below so that you can start exploring the training options available near you. The opportunity for a bright career awaits you!