7 Reliable and Growing Career Areas in Pennsylvania (PA)
Most Americans are aware of Pennsylvania's rich historical importance. But a lot of people might not know just how significant the state's economy is to the nation today. In 2010, it ranked as the sixth-largest economy in the U.S.* And with a GDP of over $600 billion, it now ranks 25th in the world, surpassing some entire nations.**
Plus, this state—officially called the Commonwealth—also has a steadily growing population, which is helping to fuel new opportunities for all kinds of existing and aspiring professionals. In fact, between 2010 and 2040, Pennsylvania expects to see more than an 11-percent increase in its number of residents—from about 12.7 million to roughly 14.1 million.* That's one reason why employment projections show a possible 7.7-percent increase in the number of Pennsylvanians holding jobs between 2012 and 2022 alone.***
Of course, more and more, the available jobs require some type of post-secondary training. Many PA schools know this, which is why they offer programs that are directly targeted at helping students enter in-demand fields with the skills to perform on day one. They are also easy to find. Career and technical schools in PA are located across the state, from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh and from York to Scranton.
So while you think about what type of vocational program you'd like to pursue in Pennsylvania, have a look at these promising sectors:
Manufacturing has been one of Pennsylvania's major industries for a long time. In fact, the state is home to about four out of every 10 American manufacturers.** But energy production, especially natural gas extraction, has emerged as another important sector. Together, these two industries employ many thousands of skilled tradesmen and women. Yet, they don't even account for the whole picture. Check out these statistics:
- Going forward, a total of more than 18,000 job openings in Pennsylvania could be created every year in a huge range of skilled trades—from welding to plumbing to commercial truck driving.***
- Each year, close to 1,530 openings could become available for carpenters, almost 800 for electricians, and more than 540 for HVAC technicians.***
- Almost 54 percent of Pennsylvania households have at least two vehicles.* And, annually, almost 1,470 openings may be generated for automotive mechanics and auto body technicians.***
- Employment in the state's construction trades is projected to grow by more than 19 percent from 2012 to 2022.***
2. Healthcare and Social Services
Like so many other places in America, Pennsylvania is experiencing changes in its population demographics as baby boomers become seniors. The numbers tell the story: Between 2010 and 2040, the number of Pennsylvanians aged 65 to 69 is expected to rise by over 22 percent. But the rate of growth gets even higher in the older-age brackets. For instance the population of those aged 75 to 79 will likely grow by 91 percent. And the number of residents aged 85 and older may almost double with a growth rate of 99.5 percent.*
Of course, seniors are not the only users of the healthcare system. But in many areas, they do account for the largest group. And that means all kinds of employers related to health, medical, and social services are increasingly in need of additional workers with the right qualifications to fill demand. Just have a look at some of the facts:
- In the years to come, almost 10,000 job openings could occur in Pennsylvania's healthcare sector annually. They include nearly 4,800 openings for registered nurses, about 1,450 for practical nurses, and more than 660 for dental assistants and hygienists.***
- As the state's population increases, the number of people employed in health or social care will likely increase significantly as well. For example, between 2012 and 2022, employment of health practitioners and technical workers may grow by 16.5 percent. Other good examples include home health aides (34.1 percent), massage therapists (20.5 percent), medical secretaries (26 percent), and substance abuse counselors (20.6 percent).***
- In early 2014 alone, Pennsylvania's general medical and surgical hospitals employed more than 248,000 people. And doctor's offices within the state employed more than 107,000.***
Pennsylvania ranks seventh in the U.S. for the number of professionals employed in high-tech industries. In fact, more than 205,000 of the state's residents work at over 13,130 technology-focused establishments.**
Plus, new opportunities continue to be generated. From 2012 to 2022, employment of computer professionals within the state is projected to rise by almost 17 percent. And, annually, more than 2,500 openings might be created for computer programmers, support specialists, software developers, and systems analysts.***
4. Business, Legal Assisting, and Finance
Corporate office workers—more than 127,000 of them—represent one of the largest segments of employed people in the state.*** Their roles range from administrative support to management and leadership. And many of them enjoy the stability that comes from being part of a growing sector of the economy.
Annually, more than 18,500 openings may occur in the years ahead for Pennsylvania jobs related to finance, business, office administration, and sales—including over 1,200 for bookkeeping and accounting clerks. And when it comes to the legal sector, the numbers are just as compelling. Between 2012 and 2022, the employment of paralegals and legal assistants is expected to increase by more than 18 percent.***
5. Creative Media and Design
Film is emerging as one of Pennsylvania's most intriguing industries thanks in part to state tax credits and the region's distinctive mix of urban environments, natural wilderness, and rural settings. As a result, fresh opportunities are being created for all kinds of creative and technical professionals like multimedia artists, animators, and audio technicians. In fact, since 2007 the state's film industry has created over 24,000 full-time jobs while spending $382 million across the region between 2014 to 2015 alone.
But talented designers can also find good employment in Pennsylvania. For example, the number of employed interior designers in the state is projected to grow by about 11 percent between 2012 and 2022.***
With a diverse combination of big and small towns, scenic forests, and world-class cultural venues, Pennsylvania has a unique charm that's prized by tourists. In fact, tourism contributes nearly $33 billion to the state's economy, generating more than 478,000 jobs in the sector.**
History buffs visit the state for its many meaningful attractions. In Philadelphia, they can see the Liberty Bell and explore where the Declaration of Independence was signed. And other attractions of great historical significance across the state include places such as Gettysburg National Military Park, Valley Forge, and Strasburg. Some visitors even make a point of seeing how the Amish live up close.
Of course, food is always on the agenda of most tourists. So, when you combine the dining out demands of both visitors and residents, it's no surprise that Pennsylvania's full-service restaurants employ more than 182,000 culinary workers.***
As the state's population grows, so does the demand for personal care services. This seems to be especially true when it comes to people seeking out the services of personal appearance workers such as cosmetologists and estheticians. In fact, the number of Pennsylvanians employed in that category is projected to increase by more than 12 percent from 2012 to 2022. But skincare specialists, in particular, could experience some of the biggest gains with an increase of about 35.5 percent over the same time period.***
* Pennsylvania State Data Center, website last visited on June 23, 2016.
** Pennsylvania Department of Community & Economic Development, website last visited on June 23, 2016.
*** Center for Workforce Information & Analysis, Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry, website last visited on June 23, 2016.