Unconventional High-Paying Jobs for Women
Some of the best high-paying jobs for women are in the fields of health and dental care, education, animal care, law, and business. In fact, a 2015 study found that the top five female-dominated jobs in the U.S. were secretaries and administrative assistants, childcare workers, receptionists and information clerks, teacher assistants, and registered nurses.1 And in 2014, nearly 40 percent of the female workforce was employed in traditional female roles like nursing, social work, and teaching.2
But the times are changing. Although there are many women that truly enjoy the traditional career fields mentioned above, a growing number of women would rather not settle for traditional careers. They would like to break out into fields that have largely been male-oriented in the past. This includes sectors like:
You may have never considered pursuing a career in one of the abovementioned fields. Maybe you have been encouraged to assume a more traditional career. Or maybe you hear people talk about things like the glass ceiling and the gender gap and feel like traditional careers are your only option. The reality is that as a determined woman in the 21st century, you could achieve success in any occupational field that you choose, traditional or not.
The Glass Ceiling
Did you know that women make up the majority of the country's college graduates? In 2013, 140 women graduated with a college degree—this includes everything from an associate degree to a doctorate—for every 100 men.3 A large portion of the country's college-educated labor pool is comprised of women. They have a wealth of talent to bring to the table, and having gender diversity in upper management brings many benefits to organizations.
Corporations with women in upper management outperform those companies that do not have—or have only one or two—female board members or directors. Yet in 2012, women held only 16.6 percent of the board seats within Fortune 500 companies. And only three percent of the CEOs for Fortune 500 companies were women.3
So if studies have shown that companies perform better in many areas when they have gender diversity in corporate management, why does the glass ceiling exist? Why are women underrepresented in corporate America? Well, that answer is not quite clear and likely has a lot to do with history and culture. But regardless of the answers, the glass ceiling is certainly an issue that needs attention for several reasons, including the fact that many experts agree that the lack of women in corporate leadership positions furthers the gender pay gap in America.
The Gender Gap
What is the gender gap? Is it really a "thing?" Unfortunately, for many women in America, the gender gap is very real. Women working full-time in the U.S. in 2014 earned only 79 percent of that of their male counterparts. And although most women are subject to the pay gap, it does vary widely by state. Utah and Louisiana have the highest pay gap, and the District of Columbia and New York have the lowest.2 Additionally, the pay gap becomes even wider for women of color and women with children.
Some experts will point out that part of the pay gap comes down to choice. There are times that women will choose lower-paying occupations than men. Often, women seek positions that will enable them to balance their family lives and care for their children while maintaining a career, and a lot of those types of positions also happen to be lower-paying. In fact, building a career while raising a family is one of the biggest challenges working women can face.
When looking at full-time workers 10 years after college graduation, it was found that 23 percent of mothers had left the workforce and 17 percent only worked part-time.2 And when these women return to the workforce full-time, they could face a "motherhood penalty." This happens when employers choose not to hire a woman because she has children or offer her a position at lower pay than they would give to a woman without children. In contrast, men quite often receive a wage increase once they have children.
So you can see that only a part of the pay gap can be explained by the career and family choices that some women make. The reality is that in almost every occupational field, men earn more than women do even in the same positions with similar education and experience levels simply due to ingrained and often subconscious belief systems.
This probably leads you to the question, "What do I need to do to try and overcome the gender gap?" Well, a good start is obtaining a quality education. It could be even more beneficial if you train for a career in a fast-growing field because if there is a high demand for qualified workers, you are less likely to face bias due to your gender. You could also benefit from learning the art of negotiation so that you can skillfully negotiate a higher pay level. And finally, seek out companies that express the importance of diversity and currently have women working at all levels. These strategies may not close the pay gap, but they could certainly help you narrow it.
The Non-Traditional Career Paths Worth Considering
There are plenty of sectors and occupations that pioneering women such as yourself could pursue. And as cultures and attitudes shift and a growing number of companies seek gender diversity, women pursuing unconventional careers may be able to secure positions and achieve success a little more easily. In the meantime, be prepared to step into new territory, defy gender stereotypes, and enjoy the empowerment that can come from working in a non-traditional career like the ones discussed below.
(Note that job growth data is based on estimates for the 2014 to 2024 period.4 And the annual salary range averages are based on May 2015 data unless otherwise noted.)5
A growing number of women are joining the architecture and engineering fields. In fact, a 2015 study of the architecture field found that 38 percent of Intern Development Program (IDP) completions and 35 percent of Architect Registration Examination (ARE) completions were by women, which were both increases from the previous year.6 And in recent years, several women have received prestigious industry awards and recognition for their work and contributions to their respective fields.
Although the female presence in architecture is improving, there are strides to be made in the field of engineering. In 2011, women held 19.2 percent of bachelor's degrees in engineering. And even fewer women are entering the workforce. Job numbers from 2014 showed that only 13 percent of the engineering workforce was comprised of women.7 Specifically, women held:8
- 16.5 percent of civil engineering positions.
- 12.3 percent of electronic and electrical engineering positions.
- 16 percent of industrial engineering positions.
- 8.8 percent of mechanical engineering positions.
So if you are ready to break ground into a non-traditional career, then the fields of architecture and engineering could be a great option for you. With growing emphasis being placed on gender diversity and more companies recognizing the professional talents of women, you could get started on becoming a leader in the field. Here are a few career choices you might want to consider:
Architectural or Civil Drafter—Tap into your technical and creative talents to create maps and drawings that guide major construction projects, such as the building of roadways, bridges, and buildings. And you could expect to make a good living in this field in which the average annual salary is $53,470.
Electrical Engineer—Begin a career in a position that could have you working on electronics of all sizes. You could be involved in anything from design and development to testing and repairs. Electrical engineers also enjoy good pay; the average annual salary is $97,340.
Industrial Designer—Put your artistic, business, and technical skills to good use as an industrial designer. You could be responsible for developing designs for just about any kind of manufactured product right from toys to furniture to cars. And with an average yearly salary of $69,820, you could expect good compensation for your work.
Mechanical Engineer—Prepare for an engineering career that focuses on power production equipment. Mechanical engineers earn an average of $88,190 annually for their contributions to designing and developing machines like engines, generators, and turbines.
The automotive industry is largely male-oriented. In fact, in 2014, only 1.6 percent of the auto body repair workforce and 1.4 percent of the auto mechanic workforce were comprised of women.8 There is definitely room for strong, confident women to start making some headway in the automotive industry. And it is happening.
Most notably, Mary Barra was appointed CEO of General Motors in the U.S. in 2014, marking the first time that a woman has ever been in charge of a major automotive company. And Danica Patrick has been turning heads in the automotive world for years as the most successful woman in the history of U.S. open-wheel racing.
Mary and Danica are just two of numerous women who have found success within the automotive sector. So if you'd rather bust out a torque wrench and talk about horsepower than sit at a computer all day, then you may want to think about making your way into one of these automotive careers.
Automotive or Diesel Mechanic —Use your hands along with sophisticated technology to diagnose, repair, and maintain gas and diesel engines. As an auto mechanic, you could expect to earn an average of $40,720 yearly, while diesel mechanic wages come in a little higher at $46,110 per year.
Motorcycle Mechanic —Transform your passion for motorbikes into an epic career. Learn how to build, repair, and maintain motorcycle engines and prepare for a vocational field that pays an annual average salary of $36,240.
Commercial Truck Driver—Get ready to hit the road. If a career that offers freedom, flexibility, and travel sounds like an option for you, then consider becoming a commercial truck driver. And with average yearly earnings of $42,500, truck drivers have the opportunity to earn a good living for the essential work that they do.
The renewable resource sector is in its developing stages across the country, so it is a great time for women to make their impression on the industry. In fact, the U.S. Department of Labor promotes the renewable resource sector as an opportune non-traditional career field for women.8 And it is a career path that can bring you a feeling of pride and satisfaction knowing that you are contributing to a healthier and more sustainable world for generations to come.
Solar energy is currently the shining star of the green energy sector. Take a moment to consider these promising facts:
- From 2008 to 2014, solar energy installations across the country increased by 17 times.9
- From 2010 to 2014, the average price of solar panels dropped by 60 percent, and the average cost of a solar electrical system dropped by approximately 50 percent.9
- In 2014, solar energy jobs increased by 22 percent from the previous year.9
- In the first half of 2015, solar energy accounted for 40 percent of all new power-generating capacity added in the U.S.10
And the wind energy market is emerging successfully as well. In fact:11
- From 2008 to 2013, the wind energy sector grew by 30 percent.
- From 2009 to 2014, wind energy accounted for 28 percent of all new power-generating capacity added across the country.
- In 2014, 73,000 full-time jobs were supported by the wind industry, marking a 45 percent increase from the previous year.
The above figures indicate that it could be an advantageous time for you to put your scientific and technical skills to use and prepare to become a forerunner in the green energy industry. Check out these two career possibilities:
Solar Energy Technician—Turn the sun's rays into electricity by learning how to install, repair, and maintain solar electricity systems. Although the average annual wage is $40,070, it is anticipated that the earning potential in the field will grow as the demand for solar power increases.
Wind Energy Technician—Learn how to work with the equipment that captures the wind and turns it into power. And you could expect good pay for your part in helping create clean and renewable energy; the average annual salary for wind energy technicians is $53,030.
The media arts field offers several possibilities for high-paying and fun jobs for women who possess a good mix of creative, artistic, and technical skills. And women are needed in the sector considering that most media arts positions are held by men. Informal polls have found that a large number of women are interested in careers like graphic design or video game design and yet, very few women turn that interest into action.
Did you know that as of 2015, 44 percent of video game players were female? But according to 2005 numbers, only 11.5 percent of game developers were women.12 This underrepresentation of women in creative design careers is seen at all levels. Just consider that women only make up:13
- 17 percent of technical roles within the digital design sector.
- 11.2 percent of leadership roles within the digital design industry.
- Three percent of creative director positions within media arts firms.
Women have a lot to bring to the design table, so maybe this is your time to forge a career in the media arts sector. Here are a couple career options you could consider for making your mark:
Graphic Designer—Help companies share their messages through print and electronic media. As a graphic designer, you could produce designs for advertisements, brochures, web pages, and other forms of media. And you will likely enjoy a good salary considering that the yearly average in the field is $51,640.
Multimedia Artist—Create art, animation, and special effects for movies, TV, video games, and other types of electronic media. You could capitalize on your technical and artistic talents in an occupation that pays an average of $70,300 a year.
Video Game Designer—Make a statement in the game industry by acquiring expertise in the game development cycle and fine-tuning your skills in graphics creation, coding, and level development. And prepare to be rewarded for your knowledge and passion; the average annual salary for game designers is $83,410.14
Women are largely underrepresented in the tech sector, and some recent surveys have found that the number of women pursuing tech careers has been declining. The most common answer as to why this is happening is simply one of culture and history. Historically and culturally, boys and men have been pushed to pursue STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields while girls and women simply have not. But that is changing.
Changes are being made at the elementary and high school levels. Many schools have programs in place that encourage and support young girls who are interested in STEM subjects. The goal is to engage them and keep their interest going so that young women are more often choosing to enroll in STEM college programs and subsequently pursuing related careers. And tech companies are starting to get on board as well.
A 2014 survey of major tech companies found that women made up 29.1 percent of the workforce, but only 15.6 percent of those women held technical positions and 22.5 percent held leadership positions. Apple ranked the highest with 20 percent of women holding technical positions, and Twitter ranked the lowest with 10 percent.15 The good news in all of this is that tech companies are recognizing the need for more gender diversity on their teams and are committing to change. For example:
- Intel has committed $300 million to develop a more diverse workforce within its company that better represents women and minorities.15
- Apple has donated $50 million to the National Center for Women and Information Technology and to the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, both of which support gender diversity in the workforce.15
For women that are interested in finding non-traditional high-paying jobs, the tech sector could be the answer. With a growing number of companies looking to diversify their workforce, a career in technology could lead you to a successful and promising future. Discover a few of the positions you could pursue:
Computer Programmer—Gain an understanding of computer languages so that you can develop computer software programs. Your position would likely entail writing code, testing programs, and repairing bugs and glitches so that an organization's software programs run seamlessly. And with an average salary of $84,360 yearly, you can expect to be paid well for your hard work.
Database Administrator—Protect an organization's critical, confidential data as a database administrator. Along with ensuring data integrity, you also make sure that the data is organized and accessible to those people who are authorized to access it. Learning how to install, configure, upgrade, secure, backup, and recover data can lead you to a position in which the annual salary is $84,250 on average.
Software Developer—Get on to a career path that is expecting 17 percent job growth and pays annual average salaries of $108,760. Software developers take on a number of essential roles. You may be responsible for repairing and upgrading existing software programs or designing new systems. Your ability to think creatively and use current technology to solve problems and meet business goals could lead you to a whole new level of success.
Web Developer—Train for an occupation that is expecting an astonishing 27 percent growth in jobs. Make your way to success by acquiring the skills needed to write code, create scripts, develop user interfaces, and work with programming tools and languages to ensure that websites are efficient and functional. Website developers receive good compensation for their work; the average salary is $70,660 annually.
In a field that has been largely led by men, is it possible that the skilled trades shortage gap could be narrowed with one simple action? That action being focusing on training and hiring more women. It could certainly be an ideal time for women to start wading into uncharted territory to secure promising careers in the skilled trades sector.
Even though 57 percent of women are active in the labor force, very few are choosing skilled trades careers. Take a look at the numbers below that show the percentage of women workers within specific occupations:8
- Welders—4.8 percent
- Electricians—2.4 percent
- Carpenters—1.7 percent
- Plumbers—1.6 percent
- HVAC Technicians—1.2 percent
Traditionally, men have been pushed toward careers that are more physically intensive and involve the use of tools and technology. But this dated ideology creates barriers that confident women just like you can start breaking down. Skilled trades careers can offer variety, flexibility, and an opportunity for excellent pay and benefits. If you like the sound of a short vocational program that can lead to a solid, in-demand career, and you're prepared to prove yourself in an industry that lacks female workers, then consider heading down one of these paths:
Aircraft Mechanic—Embark on a career in which you help maintain aircraft to ensure the safety of the plane's passengers and those on the ground below. The average yearly salary paid to airplane mechanics is $60,160.
Construction Manager—Become the boss and have a hand in building landscapes as a construction manager. You could be responsible for managing all aspects of commercial, industrial, and residential projects. And with managing workers, schedules, timelines, supplies, finances, quality, and safety, comes good compensation. A construction manager earns an average of $97,510 per year.
Electrician—Join a vocation that can offer variety, potential for growth, and excellent earnings. The average annual salary paid to electricians is $55,590, and it is anticipated that job availability will grow by 14 percent in the coming years. Additionally, depending on how fast the solar and wind energy sectors grow, the demand for electricians may be even higher than what is currently estimated.
Oil and Gas Worker—Take advantage of the many opportunities available in the oil and gas sector by training to become a worker, operator, repairer, technician, or one of the countless other professionals needed to extract oil and gas from the ground. Depending on the type of occupation you pursue, you could find average annual wages ranging from $44,970 to $130,050.14
Forge a New Path and Change Your Future
Pursuing non-conventional high-paying jobs for women is not just about shaping your future. You're also clearing the way for the other ambitious women behind you that want to follow your path. You can show young girls and women that they can break away from tradition and truly pursue whatever it is that fuels their passion no matter how unconventional it may be.
So take your first step today and find the program that can help you set out in the right direction. Simply enter your zip code into the search box below to generate a list of programs that are offered in your area!
1 Catalyst, "Women in Male-Dominated Industries and Occupations," website last visited on January 6, 2016.
2 American Association of University Women (AAUW), The Simple Truth About the Gender Pay Gap, Fall 2015 Edition, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
3 U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Merely Cracking the Glass Ceiling is Not Enough: Corporate America Needs More Than Just a Few Women in Leadership, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
4 Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
5 Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Employment Statistics, website last visited on April 7, 2016.
6 National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, NCARB by the Numbers: Insights on NCARB Data and the Path to Licensure, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
7 National Girls Collaborative Project (NGCP), "State of Girls and Women in STEM," website last visited on January 6, 2016.
8 Women's Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor, Women in the Labor Force, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
9 U.S. Department of Energy, Solar Energy in the United States, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
10 Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), "Solar Market Insight Report 2015 Q2," website last visited on January 6, 2016.
11 American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), Get the Facts, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
12 Entertainment Software Association (ESA), 2015 Sales, Demographic, and Usage Data: Essential Facts About the Computer and Video Game Industry, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
13 ustwo, Digital Design Still Needs More Women, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
14 O*NET, website last visited on January 6, 2016.
15 CNET, Women in Tech: The Numbers Don't Add Up, website last visited on January 6, 2016.